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2 edition of Biological aspects of oil pollution in the marine environment found in the catalog.

Biological aspects of oil pollution in the marine environment

Michael J. A. Butler

Biological aspects of oil pollution in the marine environment

a review

by Michael J. A. Butler

  • 43 Want to read
  • 24 Currently reading

Published by Marine Sciences Centre (McGill University) in [Montreal] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Oil spills -- Environmental aspects.,
  • Marine pollution.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographies.

    StatementMichael J. A. Butler,Fikret Berkes, and Howard Powles.
    SeriesMarine Sciences Centre manuscript report ;, no. 22
    ContributionsBerkes, Fikret, joint author., Powles, Howard, joint author.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQH545.O5 B87 1974
    The Physical Object
    Paginationii, 133 p. ;
    Number of Pages133
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5240163M
    LC Control Number75311393

    Experiments to determine the effect of a surface film of crude oil on the adsorption of atmospheric oxygen by water. Texas A&M Research Foundation. Butler, J. N. The occurrence and amount of pelagic tar in the open ocean. NAS Butler, M. 3. A. and Berkes, F. Biological aspects of oil pollution in the marine environment: a. Pollution of the marine environment occurs in many different forms, such as input of chemicals, radioactivity, solid waste, human-induced sedimentation, energy (i.e., heat and noise), as well as.

    Marine pollution is the harmful effect caused by the entry into the ocean of chemicals or particles. An associated problem is that many potentially toxic chemical's adhere to tiny particles which are then taken up by plankton and benthos animals, most of which are either deposit or filter feeders, concentrating upward within ocean food chains.5/5(1). Marine Environmental Research publishes original research papers on chemical, physical, and biological interactions in the oceans and coastal journal serves as a forum for new information on biology, chemistry, and toxicology and syntheses that advance understanding of marine environmental processes.. Submission of multidisciplinary studies is encouraged.

    Marine pollution made further international headlines after the crash of the oil tanker Torrey Canyon, and after the Santa Barbara oil spill off the coast of California. Marine pollution was a major area of discussion during the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment. Oil Spill along the Turkish Straits Sea Area; Accidents, Environmental Pollution, Socio-Economic Impacts and Protection Book December with 1, Reads How we measure 'reads'.


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Biological aspects of oil pollution in the marine environment by Michael J. A. Butler Download PDF EPUB FB2

Purchase Pollution and the Biological Resources of the Oceans - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1. Oil in the sea from anthropogenic sources, whether from spills or chronic releases, is perceived as a major environmental problem. Major oil spills occur occasionally and receive considerable public attention because of the obvious attendant environmental damage, including oil-coated shorelines and dead or moribund wildlife, especially oiled seabirds and marine by: 2.

The book covers topics such as trends and objectives in ecological investigations of pollution; the migration of pollutants in marine ecosystems; the accumulation of pollutants in marine products; and the effects of pollution on marine organisms. The book also covers topics such as the strategies for pollution control - its general features, its different approaches, and the problems it face.

Shorelines, more than any other part of the marine environment, are exposed to the effects of oil as this is where it naturally tends to accumulate. The degree of oil retention by a shore considerably affects the short-term impact and duration of damage.

Retention depends upon the condition of the oil and beach type e.g. rock, sand, shingle, mud flats. Pollution in marine environments such as the oceans, poses a threat to coastal communities by affecting the fauna and flora in the environment and the health of the nearby population.

This has a disruptive effect on the health and economy of these communities. Crude oil and petroleum distillate products introduced to the marine environment are immediately subject to a variety of physical and chemical, as well as biological, changes (figure 3).

Abiological weathering processes include evaporation, dissolution, dispersion, photochemical oxidation, water-in-oil emulsification, adsorption onto suspended Cited by: The key to dealing with future oil spill events in the environment include prevention; understanding the effects of oil once it is released into the environment and the effects of oil on marine biota and ecosystems, as well as structural features such as coastlines and seafloors; identifying the human impact which is a function of the above, particularly expressed as economic harm and social by: 6.

The conversion and the degradation of oil in a coastal environment are processes influenced by geological as well as biological factors.

In approaching this situation, we assume that a formerly oil-free environment has been contaminated by oil, either by spontaneous seeping from natural deposits or by man-made events.

The resulting oil Cited by: Oil pollution of the ocean comes from shipping activity and offshore oil production. Sea-bed activities on oil exploration and production constitute a relatively small part in the general amount of the pollution of marine environment with oil.

The principal cause of marine pollution with oil is shipping. Marine pollution, in its many forms, alters the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of the ocean and coastal areas, negatively impacting the health of biodiversity and ecosystems.

The three primary sources of marine pollution stem from direct discharge of effluents and solid waste on land and at sea, runoff from rivers, and atmospheric deposition.

Marine pollution is the introduction of substances or energy from humans into the marine environment resulting in such deleterious effects as harm to living resources, hazards to human health, hindrance to marine activities including fishing, impairment of quality for use of seawater, and reduction of amenities.

and sensitive to oil pollution. Vulnerable organisms are those which,because of heir t positioning in the marine environment, typically at the sea surface or the water’s edge, are more likely to come into contact with oil.

Sensitive organisms are those that would be acutely affected by exposure to oil or its component chemicals. biological impacts of oil pollution: sedimentary shores Response techniques are either for protection (stopping oil from reaching the shore) or for cleanup (dealing with oil once it is on the shore).

Oil Pollution in the Marine Environment I: Inputs, Big Spills, Small Spills, and Dribbles Article in Environment Science and Policy for Sustainable Development 55(6) November with short- and long-term biological effects of oil pollution.

The guidelines are intended to help anyone facing questions about damage assessment, the prediction of possible long-term effects, or clean-up. The scope is global, with examples from tropical, temperate and cold environments.

The emphasis is marine, but some reference is made to other. Librarian's tip: Chap. 16 "Global Oil Spills, the Environment, and Oil Pollution Legislation in the United States" Read preview Overview Long-Term Environmental Effects of Offshore Oil and Gas Development By Donald F.

Boesch; Nancy N. Rabalais Elsevier Applied Science, Genre/Form: Review Review Literature: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Butler, Michael J.A., Biological aspects of oil pollution in the marine environment. Impact of oil spills on marine organisms Ultimately, the impact of oil on marine organisms depends on the fate of the oil.

As previously described, when oil is present in the environment, it is either dispersed in the top layer of the water (littoral zone) or remains Cited by: 4. The emphasis of the review is on biological effects and on biodegradation, but these subjects are presented in the perspective of the marine oil pollution problem as a whole.

Keywords Salt Marsh Offshore Production Percent Biodegradation Light Naphtha Petroleum ComponentCited by: The two most significant sources of oil pollution in the marine environment are _____.

(a) blow out accidents and urban run-off (b) natural seeps and urban run-off (c) normal oil tanker/shipping operations and urban run-off (d) oil tanker and blowout accidents in marine coastal waters (e) tar balls and oil.

Identifying efficient solutions to protect coastal regions from marine pollution requires expertise from a range of specialties and strategic approaches. This book gathers information on the impact of oil spills at a coastal level from different experts’ points of view, identifying synergies between domains such as mathematics, numerical.Oil Pollution and Marine Ecology evaluates various aspects ofmarine ecology and oil pollution related to it impacting thisecology in an adverse manner.

It includes the extensive descriptionon marine oil pollution, marine ecology diversity andvarious institutional framework of oil pollution on marine .Marine debris.

Marine debris is a persistent pollution problem that reaches throughout the entire ocean and Great Lakes. Our ocean and waterways are polluted with a wide variety of marine debris, ranging from tiny microplastics, smaller than 5 mm, to derelict fishing gear and abandoned ide, hundreds of marine species have been negatively impacted by marine debris, which can harm.